AFRICAN UNION: Background
The Organization of African Unity which metamorphoses into the present African Union is a Regional body of independent African Nations with inherent objectives as stipulated in its Charter; to promote unity and solidarity among African countries. Coordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa; to maintain the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States; extricate the continent from colonialism and racial discrimination; promoting international cooperation within the United Nations; and the harmonization of the political, diplomatic, economic, educational, cultural, health, social, scientific and technical, defense and welfare policies of Member States.
Organization of African Unity operate on the basis of its Charter and the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community (known as the Abuja Treaty) in 1991 and its main organs are the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the Council of Ministers and the General Secretariat as well as the Commission mediation, conciliation and arbitration. Economic and Social Committee. Health Committee Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the Committee of Defense.
Under Article 11 of its Constitutive Act, the official languages of the AU and all its institutions are: Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili and other African languages.